「社會經濟」的在地實踐:論合作經濟與花蓮案例可行性                        

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陳方隅    

指導教授:趙永茂博士

:經濟民主、社會經濟、合作經濟、社會型企業

論文提要內容

    本研究從「社會經濟」的概念出發,分析全球以及臺灣的合作經濟現況及成功案例,並且以實地的田野調查,討論社會經濟組織(尤其合作經濟)的需要性與可行性,以及國家層次、在地層次的各項配合要件。

    從全球視野來看,各項數據以及歷史經驗顯示,合作經濟已是現代社會當中不可或缺的一種經濟制度安排。臺灣的合作經濟也有一定的基礎以及成果。本研究佐以實地田野調查,走訪花蓮縣瑞穗鄉富興村、舞鶴村迦納納部落,發現兩地皆已具備合作事業的雛型,除了提供工作機會給當地居民之外,同時還推動有機耕作、環境保護等理念。

    總結來說,社會經濟最重要的意義在於其同時具有兩種功能:經濟效益與社會效益。從經濟效益來說,許多案例已證實,合作事業在經濟表現方面,有機會創造規模經濟、可以達成很好的營運績效,也可以為偏遠地區(尤其農村)發展營造特色。

    在社會效益方面,社會型企業具有無可取代的重要性:透過合作經濟的運作,有助於提升社會關係連帶、協助社會整體生活網絡的建立,可以改善失業問題、提供福利照顧、讓人們的生活更穩定,而且有額外的受訓與教育的機會。如此一來,整體社會問題減少,勞動力品質也能大幅提升。

    如果政府單位以及各地居民能夠以新思維看待合作經濟,讓地區性的合作社企業可以發揮其社會角色,則可以達成兼顧經濟發展,以及實現社會責任的目標。若社會型企業有適當條件配合,的確具有可行性,而且也是一種值得追求的經濟機制。

 

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On “Social Economy” and its Practice:

Principles of Cooperatives and the Feasibility in Hualien 

by

Chen Fang-Yu 

July 2012

ADVISOR: Chao Yung-Mao, Ph.D.

DEPARTMENT: Political Science

DEGREE: Master of Art

KEY WORD: economic democracy, Social Economy, social enterprises, cooperatives

 

    This thesis discusses the concept of “social economy”. The Social Economy enterprises consist of four organizational forms: cooperative, mutual, foundation, and association. The numbers of cooperatives, members and employments worldwide show that cooperatives are significant for the world.

    Taiwan’s cooperatives had undergone a long period of time for development. In the case study of Fu-Shing Village and Kalala tribe in Hualien County, eastern Taiwan, I found that certain preparatory institutes of cooperatives have been established. The cooperatives not only create more job opportunities for local people, but also promoting the ideas of organic agriculture and environmental protection.

    In general, social economy is important because of two aspects: economic profits and social utility. From economic perspective, cooperatives are able to create economies of scale and bring in great profits. It is important especially for remote or rural areas.

    On the other hand, social economy is irreplaceable for its pursuit of social utility. It consolidates the social solidarity, ameliorating social problems, providing social welfare services, and improving the qualities of labor force.

    The government and people should know more about social economy and help local Social Economy enterprises to advance, making it possible to pursue both economic viability and social responsibility. If the Social Economy enterprises could acquire effective aids, they are proved to be feasible. Social economy is a necessary supplement and parallel economic institution for the capitalism system.

 

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